menu Contact Us Dizzy Patients Health Care Providers Research BPPV DVD Tai Chi DVD Understanding Dizziness Acknowledgements Disclaimer Quoting

Questionnaires for OtoNeurology

Timothy C. Hain, MD Page last modified: October 23, 2016 Return to testing index

It is often useful to get a formal measurement of subjective symptoms accompaning a hearing and balance disorder. As migraine is commonly a source of dizziness, measuring headache symptoms is also useful.

These questionnaires are generally published in publically accessible journals, and for this reason, they are not proprietary. While using the names of these instruments often sounds impressive, when you look at them carefully, you will see that these are often composed of very simple questions/answers. In our opinion, thats OK, but we think it is pretentious to use the names of these simple lists of questions as if they were magical incantations. We prefer functional names (such as the ABC) to instruments named after their authors.

Below are some of the questionnaires that we have found useful.


Questionnaire used to quantify balance dysfunction Link to questionnaire Source
Activities specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC) ABC Powell and Meyers, 1995; Whitney et al, 1999
Berg Balance Scale. This is commonly used.

Berg et al, 1989.
Chambliss Mobility Survey CMS
Dizziness Handicap Inventory. The DHI is commonly used. DHI itself (online version) Jacobson and Newman, 1990, and several others below.

See many "apps" for smartphones.



Hearing questionnaire (NIH version) HQ
Falls efficacy scale. FES Tinetti, Richman et al. 1990
Headache Impact Test HIT6 (pdf). button HIT6 description  
Migraine disability assessment MIDAS (pdf). button MIDAS description  
Modified falls efficacy scale (MFES) MFES Hill, Schwartz and others, 1996
Medical outcomes study short form 36 (SF-36). The link provides a public-domain source for this questionnaire. A local copy of it is here. SF-36

Enloe and Sheilds, 1997.

Tinnitus Handicap Inventory/Questionnaire THI (pdf) button THI description  
Vestibular Activities of Daily Living. We don't know of anyone using this.   Cohen et al, 2000

There are also numerous tasks used to quantify balance.  These primarily involve having people stand in such a way that balance is challenged, and measuring their missteps.  Examples are:


Copyright October 23, 2016 , Timothy C. Hain, M.D. All rights reserved. Last saved on October 23, 2016